Sustainable transportation is a key part of sustainable development. Despite its negative impact on air quality and climate change, it can help cities become more integrated and economically viable. It also contributes to a city’s walkability. Here are some strategies to encourage sustainable transportation. Listed below are some of the most common methods for promoting sustainable transportation.
Sustainable transportation is a major component of sustainable development
There are many ways to reduce your carbon footprint and help the environment. One way is to reduce your transportation use. Walking is the most sustainable mode of transportation. Public transportation dates back to 1662, and the first passenger rail service was introduced in 1807. Pedal bicycles were not widely available until the mid-1800s, and most people lived by foot or horseback until they could afford to buy a car. Before the Second World War, most people in the West relied on personal transport, and the only means of transportation were horse and wagons or horses.
It contributes to air pollution and climate change
The transportation sector represents one of the largest and fastest-growing uses of energy, both in developed and developing countries. Globally, transportation is responsible for about a quarter of CO2 emissions. Of this, 72% comes from the combustion of motor vehicles, and the transportation sector is responsible for 80% of the increase in CO2 emissions between 1970 and 2010. Additionally, ninety percent of transportation fuel is petroleum-based, primarily diesel and gasoline.
It can improve economic growth and integration
Sustainable transportation is a key component of achieving a sustainable development. The UN Secretary-General has recognized the importance of transportation as part of sustainable development and has created a High Level Advisory Group on Sustainable Transport. This group is comprised of stakeholders in all modes of transportation, including aviation, marine and urban public transport. The resulting report outlines the key issues related to sustainable transportation.
It is becoming more “walkable cities”
One way that cities are making the shift towards more sustainable transportation is by making them more “walkable.” Walking helps people save time and money. It also increases the chance of meeting your neighbors. You will feel more connected and engaged in your community. Walking also boosts tourism and local businesses. It’s also good for the environment. Almost 25% of CO2 emissions in the world are attributed to transportation. And 72% of those emissions come from road vehicles. By making cities more “walkable,” more people will take public transportation to their destination, which will cut down on the use of cars.
It is becoming more energy-efficient
As we strive to address climate change, sustainable transportation is becoming increasingly important. Governments around the world are phasing out gas-powered vehicles in a variety of ways. Some EU member states have announced gas phase-outs by 2030, while California and Massachusetts have already implemented fossil-fuel-free car zones. In Madrid, these fuel-free zones have sparked public protests.
It is becoming more affordable
The development of sustainable transportation is an important way to cut traffic congestion, save money, and improve the health of the environment. According to a report by the UN, half of the urban population now has convenient access to public transportation. The study looked at 610 cities in 95 countries, and measured the number of people living within 500 meters of high or low-capacity transportation systems. Nonetheless, many cities still rely heavily on informal, inefficient forms of transportation, with little consistency and limited safety features.